The National Comprehensive Risk Survey of Natural Disasters is a major survey of national conditions and strength, and is a basic work to improve the ability to prevent and control natural disasters. Everyone participates and everyone benefits.
Finding out the bottom line is only the first step. Only by making good use of the census data can the value of the census be fully utilized, which also puts forward higher requirements for the census work.
Recently, my country’s seven major river basins have fully entered the main flood season, and the natural disaster risk situation has become more severe and complex. At present, all regions and departments are stepping up their actions to make full preparations for emergency rescue during the flood season. At the same time, the first two-year national comprehensive risk survey of natural disasters is being carried out in an orderly manner.
Looking back, human society has always coexisted with natural disasters. Disaster prevention and mitigation, and disaster relief are the eternal topics of human survival and development. Floods, droughts, typhoons, earthquakes… my country is one of the countries with the most serious natural disasters in the world. There are many types of disasters, wide areas, high frequency of occurrence, and heavy losses. Statistics show that in 2020, various natural disasters caused 138 million people to be affected, 100,000 houses collapsed, and 7.7 thousand hectares of crops were damaged in 1995, and the direct economic loss was 370.15 billion yuan. This warns us that we must always maintain a sense of worry and awe, strive to understand the laws of disasters, and take the initiative to prevent and reduce disasters.
Improving the ability to prevent and control natural disasters is a major event related to the safety of people’s lives and property and national security, and is an important part of preventing and deflating major risks. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has attached great importance to disaster prevention and reduction work, and emphasized the need to adhere to the principle of focusing on prevention and combining prevention and relief, and adhere to the unity of normal disaster reduction and abnormal disaster relief. Good new era disaster prevention and mitigation work provides scientific guidance. In practice, our understanding of the regularity of natural disasters has also been continuously strengthened. Faced with the multi-faceted and wide-ranging situation of natural disasters, knowing the basics, taking precautions, and targeting, can disaster prevention and mitigation work get twice the result with half the effort. The first national comprehensive risk survey of natural disasters is the key to finding out.
The National Comprehensive Risk Survey of Natural Disasters is a major survey of national conditions and strength, and it is a basic work to improve the ability to prevent and control natural disasters. Through the census, we can find out the national natural disaster risk base number, find out the disaster resistance capacity of key regions, and objectively understand the comprehensive risk level of natural disasters in the country and each region. It can not only directly provide data and technology for monitoring and early warning, emergency command, rescue and relief, and material dispatch. Support can also provide strong support for the development of natural disaster prevention and comprehensive disaster risk prevention, natural disaster insurance, etc., and will also provide a scientific basis for the scientific layout and functional zoning of my country’s sustainable economic and social development. In addition, the census also means a popularization of knowledge, which helps individuals enhance their awareness of disaster prevention and improve their ability to prevent disasters. In this regard, everyone participates and everyone benefits, and everyone has the responsibility to support and cooperate with the census.
Only by knowing the basics and knowing the truth in mind can we master the initiative and fight the initiative. The national comprehensive risk survey of natural disasters will comprehensively obtain information on 22 types of disasters in six categories, including earthquake disasters, geological disasters, meteorological disasters, floods and droughts, marine disasters, and forest and grassland fires, as well as historical disaster information. The population, housing, infrastructure, public service system, tertiary industries, resources and environment and other disaster-bearing bodies have also become the key targets of the census. It not only includes natural geographic information related to natural disasters, but also checks human factors; it not only conducts risk assessments by disaster types and regions, but also recognizes and zoning risks of multiple disasters and cross-regions… It can be said that this is for my country A comprehensive and multi-dimensional “health check” for natural disasters and disaster resilience. Comprehensive and detailed census data have important reference significance for precise management and comprehensive policy implementation.
Finding out the bottom line is only the first step. Only by making good use of the census data can the value of the census be fully utilized, which also places higher demands on the census work. On the basis of the census data, formulate comprehensive natural disaster prevention and control zoning and prevention suggestions, build a technical support system for natural disaster risk prevention, and establish a national natural disaster comprehensive risk survey and evaluation index system to form a national comprehensive risk of natural disasters by region and type Basic database… This is not only the original intention of carrying out the census, but also the proper meaning of the topic of promoting the modernization of disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities.
Strengthening the prevention and control of natural disasters has a bearing on the national economy and people’s livelihood. By doing a solid job of census work and firmly holding the “lifeline” of data quality, we can speed up the establishment of an efficient and scientific natural disaster prevention and control system, in order to improve the natural disaster prevention and control capabilities of the whole society, and to protect the lives and property safety of the people and the national security. Provide strong protection.
Post time: Jul-19-2021